Become familiar with Pharmacognosy´s concept. Definition of some terminologies and classifications naming of vital importance to the understanding of this subject. Recognize the most important natural sources through which you can get these natural drugs and Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products.
Become familiar with Pharmacoergasy concept and all aspects that flow from it as a branch within the subject of Pharmacognosy. Knowing and recognize the factors that influence the variation of the chemical composition of natural products.
Introduction to micromorphological characteristics of vegetative organs. Histology and Histochemistry. Cell theory. Cell differentiation: plant cells and animal cells. Characteristics of plant cells.
Macromorphological characteristics of vegetative organs
Introduction to plant tissues. Pharmacognosy´s interest in the study of plant tissues. Overview, origin and classification of plant tissues. Meristematic or embryonic tissues. Adult tissues.
Essential oils of plants. Definition and characteristics. Composition. Volatile Oils. Hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, ketones, phenols
Alkaloids. Definitions. Types. Structure. Classification of Alkaloids. Opium. Quina-tropane. Ergot-Xanthine-Rauwolfia. Xanthine. Veratrum-Vinca-Misc.
Definition, function, characteristics and classification of vitamins. Liposoluble and water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin A, B complex (B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, folic acid and Pantothenic acid). Vitamins C, D, E, F and K.
Defining plant exudates. Definition and characteristics of the resins, the oleoresins, the gum-resins and balsams.
Introduction to heterocycles. Heterocyclic compounds. Chlorophyll, heme, plant hormones, nucleic