Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Theme X: Glycosides

Examples of glycosides

Examples of glycosides and their origin. Cardiotonic, sulfur, anthocyanin, cyanogenetic, anthraquinone, coumarin, flavonoids, saponin.

Glycoside

Present in

Importance

     

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea, onion, cactus

High efficiency in several heart conditions. Use under strict medical supervision

     

sulphuretted

Horseradish, mustard seed, garlic, watercress, onions, and cabbage

choleretic antibiotics and cholagogue

balsamic

rubefacients 

     

Anthocyanins

Cornflower, Cranberry, mallow, purple loosestrife, violet and rose

antirheumatic

Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, strengthen hair. Characterize the color of the flowers

     

cyanogenic

Bitter almonds, black elderberry flower, blackthorn blossom, cherry leaves, sour cherry leaves, seeds of plums

By the enzymatic reaction with saliva are hydrolysed producing hydrocyanic acid. POWERFUL POISON

     

anthrachinone

Aloe, Rubia tinctorum, rhubarb rhizome and lycium bark

Have laxative and purgative effects

     

coumarin

Burdock, horse chestnut, sweet clover, butcher's broom, hawkweed and biznaga

They are antispasmodics, antibiotics and venous tonics. They are also used in cosmetics, perfumes, inks

     

flavonoids

Hawthorn, horsetail, shepherd's purse, orange, rue, butcher's broom, elderberry and coltsfoot

have properties of strengthening the blood capillaries

     

saponin

Acacia leaf, birch leaf, horse chestnut, ginseng, mullein flower, licorice, ivy, primula,

 

saponaria root and sarsaparilla

Relax the bowel and increase the secretions of the bronchial mucosa, diuretics and urinary tract disinfectants, analgesic and tissue healing

see also

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Examples of glycosides and their origin. Cardiotonic, sulfur, anthocyanin, cyanogenetic, anthraquinone, coumarin, flavonoids, saponin.