The sugars ingested through vegetables have a tonic effect on the body and are an important source of energy.
The energetic action occurs during the digestive process, the digestion enzymes break the starch and release glucose, which is a very important energy source for cells.
The mucilages in therapeutics are important as protectors of the digestive tract and mucous membranes against irritants, they are also emollients, mild laxatives, have beneficial
anti-inflammatory effect in inflammatory conditions of the digestive system, for ease the pain of bruises and respiratory system conditions.
The ability to hydrate and increase volume provides satiety very important in obesity treatment. Some medicinal plants with high mucilage content are: fenugreek, borage, flax, plantain, mallow,
marshmallow plant, heartsease, purple loosestrife and coltsfoot.
The starch is emollient and produces anti-inflammatory and softener effects on skin and mucous membranes.
The cellulose cannot be assimilated by the human organism itself, but by the ruminants, nevertheless it develops important mechanical functions because when ingested as vegetable fiber
facilitates the progression of intestinal feces, thereby preventing constipation.
Pectin has therapeutic importance as an emollient and lubricant, facilitating gastrointestinal peristaltic movement in the intestines, the progress of feces and preventing constipation.
Some medicinal plants with high pectin content are: blueberry, cherry, guava, cucumber, apple and carrot.
Moreover, inulin in medicine is a very useful substance for the treatment of liver diseases because it promotes liver functions.