Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Theme IX: Essential oils

Higher terpenes. Farnesol - beta carotene

Higher terpenes. Characteristics. Farnesol acyclic Alcohol, vitamin A1, beta carotene.

Sesquiterpenes – farnesol acyclic alcohol

A representative of the sesquiterpenes is the farnesol acyclic alcohol (C15H26O).

farnesol
farnesol

Diterpenes - Vitamin A1

The vitamin A1 (C20H30O) is a diterpene, is contained in the milk and cod liver oil.

vitamin A1
vitamin A1

Tetraterpenes - beta carotene

The β-carotene (beta carotene C40H56O) is a tetraterpene which has a structure similar to that of vitamin A1. Carotenoids (substances similar to carotene) are widespread in nature. Have a large number of conjugated double bonds, so are usually colored substances.

beta carotene
beta carotene

See also

Write a comment

Comments: 0

Higher terpenes. Characteristics. Farnesol acyclic Alcohol, vitamin A1, beta carotene.