Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Herbs - Medicinal Plants

Pineapple plant

Identification of Pineapple plant

Pineapple plant

Scientific name: Ananas comosus

The pineapple is a plant of the family of Bromeleaceas.
It has long leaves up to a meter, spiny and fleshy. The fruit is divided into sections with a crown that characterizes it.

The fruit is usually parthenocarpic. The cultivated fruits are seedless. The fruit pulp is white to yellow with a sourish-sweet, aromatic smell and taste.

Pineapple content and active ingredients

The active ingredients of pineapple are:

  • Proteolytic enzymes (bromelain or bromelain).
  • Citric and malic acids.
  • Vitamins A, B and C.
  • Sugars: glucose, sucrose.
  • Fats.
  • Mineral salts: iodine, magnesium, manganese, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, sulfur.
  • High fiber (cellulose), in the core of the fruit.


Enzymes
can be deactivated with oxidizing substances or activated with thiols such as cysteine, as well as small amounts of a phosphatase, a peroxidase or protease inhibitors.


>> continue reading about the Pineapple health benefits...

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summary characteristics and properties of Pineapple.

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summary characteristics and properties of Pineapple.

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references

  • Harrach T, Eckert K. Schulze-Forster K. Nuck R. Grunow D, Maurer HR, Isolation and partial characterization of basic proteinases from stem bromelain. J Protein Chem. 57:41-52, 1995 Jan.
  • Holtum JA, Summons R. Roeske CA, Comins HN, O'Leary MH, Allergic reactions, including asthma, to the pineapple protease bromelain following occupational exposure. Clin Allergy, 57:443-50, 1979 Sep.
  • Hotz G. Frank T, Zoller J, Wiebelt H, Antiphlogistic effect of bromelaine following third molar removal. Dtsch Zahnarztl Z, 57:830-2, 1989 Nov.
  • Taussig SS, Batkin S, Abortifacient effect of steroids from Ananas comosus and their analogues on mice. J Reprod Fertil, 22:461-2, 1976 Mar.
  • Taussig SJ. Batkin S, Bromelain, the enzyme complex of pineapple (Ananas comosus) and its clinical application. An update. J Ethnopharmacol, 22:191-203, 1988 Feb-Mar.
  • Taussig SJ. Batkin S, Modulation of pulmonary metastasis (Lewis lung carcinoma) by bromelain, an extract of the pineapple stem (Ananas comosus). Letter Cancer Invest, 22:241- 2, 1988.

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