Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Herbs - Medicinal Plants

Coriander. Properties, benefits

Identification and origin of Coriander

Coriander leaves
Coriander leaves

Scientific name:

Coriandrum sativum

 

The Coriander or Cilantro is an annual herb of the family Apiaceae (called Umbelliferae). Have straight stems, compound leaves, white flowers and aromatic fruits, commonly used in the cuisine of Mediterranean, India, Latin America, China and Southeast Asia.

 

All parts of the plant are edible, but are generally used the fresh leaves and the dried seeds. In some countries it is known as Chinese or Japanese parsley.

 

The coriander is native to the Mediterranean region, eastern and central Europe, East Asia, North and South America.

Content and Active Ingredients.

The active ingredients of coriander are:

 

Volatile oil (0.4 to 1.7%): main component D (+) linalool (Coriandrol 60-70%).

Also includes borneol, p-cymene, alpha-pinene, camphor, geraniol, limonene.

Fatty oil (13-21%): acid, oleic and linoleic.

Furanocoumarins; umbelliferone, scopoletin.

Health benefits of Coriander. Medicinal properties attributed to Cilantro

Coriander essential oil is a stimulant of gastric secretion. It has benefits as a carminative, eupeptic, estrogen and spasmolytic. It also has antibacterial and antifungal effects.

 

Due to its properties the coriander is indicated in hyposecretion, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal spasms, gastroenteritis, acute cystitis, urethritis, amenorrhea and osteoarthritis.

 

In Chinese medicine is used for appetite loss, in the terminal phase of chickenpox and measles, in hemorrhoids and rectal prolapse.

 

In Indian medicine is used in the treatment of nosebleeds, cough, hemorrhoids, edema, bladder disease, vomiting, dizziness and amoebic dysentery.

Coriander usage

Contraindications

It should not be used during pregnancy, lactation, hyperestrogenism.

 

No side effects known during administration in therapeutic doses indicated.

 

The Coriander or Cilantro has a weak potential for sensitization, although it´s known cases of contact dermatitis from the fresh plant by exposure to light.

 

The pure essential oil is irritating. Orally in doses higher than those specified may cause convulsion.

Preparation and Dosage

It´s administered in powder form and other pharmaceutical preparations for internal use.

 

The coriander extract is prepared by percolating the drug; the weight of one part of the drug is mixed to ethanol 45% until get two times its weight of tincture.

 

The coriander infusion is prepared by pouring 150 ml of boiling water over two teaspoons of the drug, allow to stand for 15 minutes and strain.

 

Daily Dose:

 

Infusion: A freshly prepared cup between meals.

 

Tincture: 10 to 20 drops after meals.

REMEMBER to always consult your doctor before combining natural products with any other treatment.

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summary characteristics and properties of Coriander.

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summary characteristics and properties of Coriander plant.

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References

  • Calcandi V. Ciropol-Calcandi I. Georgescu E, PA 16(6):331- 334. 1961.
  • Diedreichsen A et al., Chemotypes of Coriandrum sativum L. in the Gatersleben Genebank. In: PM 62, Abstracts of the 44th Ann Congress of GA, 82. 1996.
  • Gijbels MJM et al.. (1982) Fitoterapia 53(1/2):17.
  • Ram AS, Devi HM, (1983) Indian J Bot 6(1):21.
  • Schratz E, Quadry SMJS, PM 14(3):310-325. 1966.
  • Leung AY, Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York 1980.
  • Simon JE, Chadwick AF, Craker LE (Eds.), Herbs. An Indexed Bibliography 1971-80. Archon Books, USA 1984.
  • Fuentes, V. et al.: Plantas medicinales de uso popular referidas como tóxicas. Boletín de reseñas. Plantas medicinales 19: 37, 1988
  • Liogier, H. A.: Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico y del Caribe. San Juan. Iberoamericana de ediciones,  1990: 566.
  • Robineau. L.: Hacia una farmacopea caribeña. Sto. Domingo. Enda-Caribe/UNAH, 1991: 151.
  • Roig, J. T.: Plantas medicinales, aromáticas o venenosas de Cuba. La Habana. Ed. Científico-Técnica, 1988: 1125.

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