Herbs - Medicinal Plants
Scientific name: Calendula officinalis L.
Other common names: pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold, garden marigold, English marigold or Scottish marigold.
The marigolds and daisies are a genus of about fifty species of annual or perennial herbs of the family Asteraceae.
The Calendula officinalis is an annual herbaceous plant 30-60 cm tall, simple leaves, sessile, mostly oblanceolate, hairy, chartaceous, initially grouped and subsequently arranged alternately along the stems that support in its ends the floral buds. The flowers are discoid shaped, yellow to deep orange, and very showy.
Used parts of Calendula officinalis: flowers.
It is grown as an ornamental, at domestic scale and occasionally in parks and avenues. Pot marigold blooms almost all year round, its scientific name (Calendula officinalis L.) comes from the Kalends, the Latin name given by the first day of the month, similarly to the frequency of its flowering. Cycle about 7 months. Sown in November, Pot marigold blooms in January and give seed from March.
Harvest the floral buds when the petals are fully extended on dry days and after evaporation of dew. Disinfect with water and germicidal agent. Dry in shade or artificially at 60 ° C and with a weight ratio of fresh/dry equal to 8:1.
Calendula is native to the Mediterranean region and Asia Minor. It is cultivated in other parts of Europe and North America, mostly as an ornamental.
Triterpene saponin (2 to 10%), alcohol (0.8% triterpene monool, 4% triterpene diol)
Flavonoids (0.3 to 0.8%) rutoside, neohesperidoside.
Hydroxycoumarins, carotenoids, volatile oils (0.2%): gamma-terpinene, muurolen, cadinene, caryophyllene, menthone, iso-menthone, carvone, geranylacetone, cariofileno ketone, sesquiterpenes.
Water-soluble polysaccharides (galactans).
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