Herbs - Medicinal Plants
Scientific name: Zingiber officinale
Other names: Ginger root, Zingiberaceae, Jamaican Ginger, African Ginger, Ancoas.
Ginger is a herbaceous plant up to 90 cm with horizontal rhizome, leaves linear - lanceolate 18-28 cm long, sessile, acuminate. Peduncle of 15 to 25 cm; ellipsoid spikes of 4 to 6 cm; egg-shaped suborbicular bracts, hairy; purple corolla, tube of 2 cm. Capsules of 3 valves, opening irregularly. There are different cultivars. Parts used: rhizomes.
The rhizome of ginger contains:
Essential oil consisting of monoterpenes (camphene, neral, citronellal, 1,8-cineole, beta-phellandrene, camphor, geranial, borneol, linalool) and sesquiterpenes (zingiberene, zingiberol, B-eudesmol, curcumene, beta-bisabolene, beta-bisabolone , (EE)-alfa-farnesene, elemol, beta-sesquifelandrene, furanogermenone). Sesquiterpenes are responsible for the scent.