Herbs - Medicinal Plants
Bay Laurel. Scientific name. Identification, origin, content and active ingredients. General characteristics of the plant. Leaves of Laurel and fruit content.
Scientific Name: Laurus nobilis
The Bay Laurel is a small sized tree of the Lauraceae family. It not exceeds the height of 10 m. It has lanceolate hard leaves, dark green color, between 7 and 12 cm long. It is a dioecious plant (unisexual), it means the male and female flowers appear on different plants. The Roman emperors considered it a symbol of victory.
It is distributed throughout the Mediterranean area, where it can appear cultivated or wild.
Essential oil (1): cineol, eugenol, sesquiterpene lactones, tannins.
Essential oil (2-3%): cineol (30-50%), alpha and beta-pinene (10%), linalool (10%), geraniol, sabinene, limonene, camphene, p-cymene.
Sesquiterpene lactones: costunolide, laurenobiolide
Lipid (25%): glycerides of lauric, oleic, palmitic and linoleic acids.
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