Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Herbs - Medicinal Plants

Laurel or Bay Laurel

Identification and origin of Bay Laurel

leaves of laurel
leaves of laurel

Scientific Name: Laurus nobilis

The Bay Laurel is a small sized tree of the Lauraceae family. It not exceeds the height of 10 m. It has lanceolate hard leaves, dark green color, between 7 and 12 cm long. It is a dioecious plant (unisexual), it means the male and female flowers appear on different plants. The Roman emperors considered it a symbol of victory.

It is distributed throughout the Mediterranean area, where it can appear cultivated or wild.

Content and Active Ingredients

Leaves of Bay Laurel

Essential oil (1): cineol, eugenol, sesquiterpene lactones, tannins.

Fruits of Bay Laurel

Essential oil (2-3%): cineol (30-50%), alpha and beta-pinene (10%), linalool (10%), geraniol, sabinene, limonene, camphene, p-cymene.

Sesquiterpene lactones: costunolide, laurenobiolide

Lipid (25%): glycerides of lauric, oleic, palmitic and linoleic acids.


Laurel health benefits >>


summary characteristics and properties of Laurel or bay laurel.

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summary characteristics and properties of Laurel.

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