Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

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Grape - Vitis vinifera. Properties and benefits

Identification and origin of grape plant


Scientific name: Vitis vinifera


The grape plant has climbing stems through specialized organs called vine tendrils. The palmately veined leaves are arranged opposite on the branches. In most varieties, the vines tendrils are arranged in opposite positions every two or three successive leaves. The flowers form unisexual clusters, sometimes each plant bears only male or female flowers. The fruit, grapes, are grown in two-year-old vineyards and cut after collection.


Parts used: Leaves, fruit and the oil extracted from the seeds.


It is believed that the origin of the grapes grown in Europe is in the Caspian Sea region. The seed dispersal by birds, wind and water spread the plant westward to the Asian shores of the Mediterranean.

Content and Active ingredients of Vitis vinifera


Polyphenolic derivatives: anthocyanins, leuco-anthocyanins


Flavonoids (4-5%) (rutin, quercitrin, isoquercitroside, kenferol, luteolol). Gallic tannins and Catechins.


Abundant carbohydrates (glucose) and organic acids (tartaric, malic, succinic, citric and oxalic acids.


15-20% unsaturated fatty acid (phenylacrylic acid derivatives)

Medicinal properties attributed to the Grape (benefits)

Anti-sclerotic effects: lipoprotein oxidation of low density (LDL) by free radicals is associated with initiation of atherosclerosis. The active ingredients of the grape reduce formation of this lipoprotein.


Leaves have venotonic, vasoprotective, astringent and diuretic effects.


The fruits are vitaminics, tonics, anticancer, hepatoprotective, promote hair growth and prevent ischemic processes.


The seeds oil: Hypolipidemic, prevents the increase of vascular permeability.

grapes fruits
grapes fruits

Therapeutic indications:

Leaves: Venotonic, vasoprotective, astringent, diuretic.

Fruits: Vitamin, restorative.

Oil seeds: Hypolipidemic

Grape uses


Usually does not have unwanted effects in recommended therapeutic doses.

Rarely can inhibit intestinal enzyme activity.

Preparation and Dosage

Internal use:


  • Infusion of grape leaves: One teaspoon per cup. Infuse 10 minutes. Three cups a day, after meals.
  • Fluid extract (1:1): 50 drops, 1-4 times daily.
  • Tincture (1:5): 50-100 drops, 1-3 times daily.
  • Dry extract (5:1), 300 mg, 1-4 times daily.
  • Fruits (Grapes): Food use. In naturopathic treatments is frequently use as cure to combat rheumatic problems, gout or cardio-renal diseases.
  • Seed Oil: Several tablespoons a day, or in place of butter and other oils.

External use:


  • Infusion (leaves): A teaspoon per cup. Infuse 15 minutes. Applied as a wash, eye drops or eye washes.
  • Decoction: 60 to 80 g of grape leaves per liter of water. Boil 15 minutes. Apply as foot baths or baths. To relieve the discomfort of varicose veins, it´s prescribed foot baths at alternating temperature: 5-10 minutes in a bowl of hot infusion, then switch to another bowl of cold water for 5-10 seconds. Change three or four times, beginning with the hot infusion and ending with the cold water. After that is recommended to massage legs upward and resting with legs up.


REMEMBER to always consult your doctor before combining natural products with any other treatment.


summary characteristics and properties of GRAPE.

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summary characteristics and properties of Grape plant.

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