Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

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Herbs - Medicinal Plants

Banana. Properties, health benefits

Identification and origin of Banana

Banana benefits
Banana fruit

Scientific name: Musa x paradissiaca L.
Botanical family Musaceae

The banana is a hardy grass up to 10 meters high. Strong and well-developed leaves, petioles envainadores that make the false aerial stem, limbo of 1-2 m long and 35-60 cm wide, tearing into strips perpendicular to the central axis.

The medicinal part is the banana fruit.

It is cultivated in all tropical countries of the world.
It is originally from India.

Content and active ingredients of banana

Polysaccharides: 20% of starch in the fresh fruit.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 10 to 20 mg/100 g in the fresh fruit.

Amines: serotonin (28 g / g fresh fruit). Tyramine (7 g / g fresh fruit) dipamina (8 g / g fresh fruit), noradrenaline (2 g / g fresh fruit).

Acids: citric acid and malic acid.

Aromatics substances: 180 components (isopentenyl acetate as main flavor).

The banana contains plenty of water and carbohydrates. About 1% consists of fiber, protein and fat.

The whole plant is rich in tannins, phenolics, biogenic amines and nucleosides.

Banana health benefits

banana benfits

The best known health benefits of the banana are:

The starch prevents formation of stomach ulcers and reduces cholesterol

It is an important source of potassium for the proper functioning of the heart.

The Banana has anti-asthmatic properties, antituberculosis and anticancerous.

Is used against hemoptysis and to treat burns (facilitates regranulation and reepithelialization).


It is also used for digestive discomfort, the “bananina” (banana starch mixed with milk) is used to fight diarrhea.

Is indicated for dyspepsia, gastrointestinal diseases, diabetes, diarrhea, hypertension, scurvy and gout.

The roots have been used as anthelmintic.

It has excellent nutritional properties.

Uses of banana

Warnings use

Chronic ingestion may cause myocardial fibrosis. The banana should not be eaten raw, but boiled or fried.

Preparation and Dosage

It is taken orally in the form of powder mixed with milk or making banana bread called Chapatis.

REMEMBER to always consult your doctor before combining natural products with any other treatment.


summary characteristics and properties of Banana.

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summary characteristics and properties of Banana.

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  • Aces, R. P.:  Plantas útiles de las Antillas, 1939.Chattopadhyay S, Chaudhuri S, Ghosal S, Activation of peritoneal macrophages by sitoindoside-IV, an anti ulcerogenic acylsterylglycoside from Musa paradisiaca. Planta Med, 94:16-8, 1987 Feb.
  • Goel, R. K.:  Planta Medica 2:  85, 1985.
  • Ramos, J. E.:  Informe referente a unas preparaciónes hechas  con plátano. Ann Acad Ciencias Med, Fis,  y Nat de La Habana, 21: 428-429,  1885.
  • Robineau, L.:  Hacia una farmacopea caribeña. Sto. Domingo: Enda-Caribe/UNAH, 1991: 244.
  • Roig, J. T.:  Plantas medicinales, aromáticas o venenosas de Cuba. La Habana: Ed. Científico-Técnica,  1988: 1125.

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