Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

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Eggplant. Benefits of Eggplant.

Identification and origin of the Eggplant


Scientific name: Solanum melongena


Annual, thorny and pubescent herb. With erect stalks, branched, thorny or unarmed stems, stellate, pubescent with ovate, pointed leaves.

The part used is the fruit, edible, with smooth skin, bright commonly purple or black.

The eggplant is considered native to India. It was introduced into Europe from Spain and its cultivation has spread across the Mediterranean and worldwide.

Content and active ingredients

Acids: caffeic and chlorogenic,

Choline, trigonelline.



Phosphorus, calcium, iron and potassium.

B vitamins

Vitamin C

Vitamin A

Properties and medicinal uses of the Eggplant

Eggplant benefits

Statins are responsible for their cholesterol-lowering action.

It is antiatherogenic, diuretic and cholagogue.

It has antioxidant effect and protects organic cells of aging.  

It has a remarkable anticancer effect and it is also antirheumatic.

Indicated in cases of hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, hepatobiliary dyskinesias.

It is also used to relieve rheumatic pain, lower cholesterol and skin conditions.

Preparation and dosage

Use as food.

Decoction to 2%. A cup fasting.

Macerating the fruit in water (popular usage):

Cut the eggplant, macerate in water overnight and the liquid is taken fasting, as novenas to lower cholesterol, diabetes and rheumatic pains.

It's prepared raw, liquefied, to produce diuresis.

Eggplant flower
Eggplant flower

REMEMBER to always consult your doctor before combining natural products with any other treatment.


summary characteristics and properties of Eggplant.

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summary characteristics and properties of Eggplant.

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  • Sarli, A.: Tratado de horticultura. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Hemisferio Sur, 1980. ISBN 950-504-144-6
  • Dimitri, M. J.: Enciclopedia argentina de agricultura y jardinería (tomo 1: «Descripción de las plantas cultivadas», segundo volumen. 3.ª edición, pág. 657-1163). Buenos Aires: ACME, 1978. ISBN 978-950-565-343-0
  • Mulet, L. Estudio Etnobotánico de la Provincia de Castellón. Castellón: Diputación Provincial, 1991, p. 432.
  • Behera, T. & Narendra Singh: “Inter-specific crosses between eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) with related Solanum species”.Scientia Horticulturae, volumen 95, n.º 1-2, 2 de agosto de 2002, pág. 165-172.

Other medicinal plants

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