Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

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Herbs - Medicinal Plants

Benefits of Ginger

Ginger Properties, health benefits

Benefits of ginger roots
Ginger root

Bitter - aromatic, appetizer effect, digestion stimulating, cholagogue.


Antigastralgic, antiulcer, sialagogue (increases salivary secretion and its content in ptialina and mucin), carminative, antispasmodic, antitussive, expectorant, antipyretic, laxative (stimulates peristalsis and intestinal muscle tone), hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic. Gingerols and shogaols have a potent antiemetic action, higher than the dimenhydrinate action (Wichtl). (See pharmacological actions of medicinal plants)


Topically produces rubefacient and analgesic effects. By their properties, Ginger is indicated in poor appetite, dyspepsia, gastrointestinal ulcer, flatulence, hepatobiliary dyskinesias. Hyperemesis gravidarum, dizziness, dizziness by locomotion. Flu, colds, pharyngitis, rhinitis. Diabetes, arteriosclerosis prevention. In topical use for osteo inflammation, myalgia, muscle spasms, neuralgia, toothache. (See medicinal plants therapeutic indications)

Uses of Ginger


However its properties, Ginger should be used with caution in pregnancy. High doses can cause gastrointestinal irritation and urticaria. Not be given to patients with disorders of blood coagulation or with gallstones. Must be carefully administered in cases of peptic ulcer, gastritis, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, liver disease, epilepsy, Parkinson and other neurological diseases.


It can cause contact dermatitis.

Preparation and Dosage

Internal use:

- Decoction: 3g/cup. Boil for 5 minutes. Three cups a day between meals.

- Dust: 2 g / day, in two or three takes.

- Ginger essential oil: 1 to 3 drops over a lump of sugar, in oily or hydroalcoholic solution, one to three times daily.


Topical use:

- Decoction to 5%, applied as a gargle or compresses.

- Tincture (1:5): in the form of friction or diluted to 5%, for gargling.

- Essential oil, alcoholic or oily solution.



<< See characteristics and active ingredients of Ginger


REMEMBER to always consult your doctor before combining natural products with any other treatment.


summary characteristics and properties of GINGER.

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summary characteristics and properties of Ginger plant.

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  • Thomas S.C. Li. Chinese and Related North Amercian Herbs Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic Values. 202 by CRC Press LLc.
  • Ravindran, P.N. and Nirmal Babu, K. Ginger. The Genus Zingiber. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Industrial Profiles. 2005 by CRC Press.
  • WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants. VOLUME 1. World Health Organization. Geneva 1999.
  • Duke, J.A.; Bogenschutz – Godwin, M.J.; duCellier, J.; Duke, P-R. CRC Handbook of Medicinal Spices 2003 by CRC Press LLC
  • Bisset NG (ed). Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals; a Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis. Medpharm Scientific Publishers, Stuttgart and CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1994.
  • Bone ME, Wilkinson DJ, Young JR et al.. Ginger root- a new antiemetic. The effect of ginger root on postoperative nausea and vomiting after major gynecological surgery. Anaesthesia 45:669-71. 1990.
  • Bracken J, Ginger as an antiemetic: possible side effects due to its thromboxane synthetase activity. Anaesthesia; 46:705-706. 1991.
  • Chang CP, Chang JY, Wang FY et al.. The effect of Chinese medicinal herb Zingiberis rhizoma extract on cytokine secretion by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. J Ethnopharmacol 48:13-19. 1995.

Other medicinal plants

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