Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)
Pharmacognosy - medicinal plants (herbs)

Garlic content - active ingredients

Active ingredients of garlic. Contains essential oil of garlic. Garlic vitamins.

Garlic content

Garlic is abundant in fructosan (up to 75%) which is due to their diuretic action.

 

Essential oil (0.2-0.3%) produces a peripheral vasodilator effect, antihypertensive, hypolipemiant (inhibits the synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides). This oil is constituted by garlicina, alliin or alilcistein sulfoxide (1%) which is hydrolyzed to produce allicin by the alliinase (responsible for the characteristic smell of garlic), which is rapidly converted into allyl disulfide. 

 

The garlic also includes small amounts of vitamins (A, B1, B2, B6, C and E), adenosine and minerals (iron, silicon, sulfur, iodine, chromium, selenium). It also contains mucilage.


The main action of garlic is due to alliin.

see also

Garlic (General characteristics)

Medicinal use of garlic

Infographic

summary characteristics and properties of Garlic.

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garlic properties

Other medicinal plants

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Active ingredients of garlic. Contains essential oil of garlic. Garlic vitamins.